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Measuring Overall Impact of East Africa CVE

Africa U.S. Department of State 2016 2017

Under the Measuring the Overall Impact of East Africa CVE Initiative, DevTech is designing and conducting an evaluation of the FY15 Counterterrorism Partnership Fund (CTPF) Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) programs in Kenya and Tanzania to measure the overall effect of collective programming on reducing engagement in and recruitment into VE activities in East Africa. DevTech is conducting a quasi-experimental impact evaluation (IE), specifically difference-in-difference with propensity score matching (DID+PSM) to measure the overall impact of CTPF programs in select regions in Kenya and Tanzania. DevTech identified appropriate communities to serve as comparison groups in both countries that are similar to beneficiary communities in terms of household-level observable characteristics – religion, age, gender, annual expenditures, education level, and rural vs. non-rural – as well as specific observable regional characteristics including known presence of violent extremist organizations and recent attacks.

In the catchment area of treatment communities, i.e. communities in which CTPF programming is present, a household survey is administered orally to gather information from a randomly selected household member. Questions capture demographic data, perceptions of economic marginalization and political freedom, and other sensitive questions on levels of vulnerability. Data from these surveys is used to identify whether communities are actually benefiting from CTPF interventions. In addition to this quantitative data collection, DevTech has also conducted key informant interviews and focus group discussions with community members for qualitative analysis.